During the course of treatment, there will be many orthodontic terms used by the orthodontist, clinical assistant as well as staff. Knowing some common terms and parts will make it easier to understand the braces process and help to describe if something is bothering or hurting you.
Archwire – The metal wire fits into your bands and brackets and guides your teeth to their new and straighter positions.
Band – A metal ring to which brackets or other orthodontic attachments can be connected to. Compared to brackets, bands are better able to withstand the forces of chewing so they are typically used on the back teeth.
Bracket – A metal, ceramic, or plastic piece that is bonded to a tooth during treatment. The bracket contains a slot which the archwire fits into.
Elastic – Also called rubber band is a removable rubber band that attaches to the hooks of the braces. Elastics can move teeth in ways that braces alone cannot.
Elastic Tie – Also known as an O-tie is a small rubber tie that fits around the bracket and secures the archwire. Elastic ties come in many colors.
Forsus Spring – Spring coil rods that are permanently affixed to the patient’s braces that is used to correct short lower jaws, or those not wearing their elastics.
Hook – An attachment for elastics. Hooks can be found connected to brackets and bands or attached to archwires.
Power chain – An elastic chain used to close spaces or keep spaces from opening
Spacer – A rubber ring slightly larger than an O-tie that is placed in between two teeth. The purpose of separators is to create space for bands.
Wire tie – A thin wire used to secure the archwire to the bracket.
For more information visit us at Burleson Orthodontics.
Kim Bui born and raised in Kansas City, graduated from high school at St. Teresa’s Academy and college at Rockhurst University. Now Kim is pursuing her masters in Business. With her charisma, Kim welcomes every patient with a smile and willingness to make their experience something to rave about